GENESIS 46 – 47:12

JACOB

IN

EGYPT

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46:1-7

So Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beersheba, and offered sacrifices to the God of his father Isaac. Then God spoke to Israel in the visions of the night, and said, ‘Jacob, Jacob!’ And he said, ‘Here I am.’ So He said, ‘I am God, the God of your father; do not fear to go down to Egypt, for I will make of you a great nation there. I will go down with you to Egypt, and I will also surely bring you up again; and Joseph will put his hand on your eyes.’ Then Jacob arose from Beersheba; and the sons of Israel carried their father Jacob, their little ones, and their wives, in the carts which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. So they took their livestock and their goods, which they had acquired in the land of Canaan, and went to Egypt, Jacob and all his descendants with him. His sons and his sons' sons, his daughters and his sons' daughters, and all his descendants he brought with him to Egypt.

This account in the life of Jacob reveals his uneasiness in leaving the land of promise. Before he would agree to leave, he took a trip down to Isaac's seven well, Beersheba (31:31), and sought God’s will there. He was not disappointed. The Lord spoke to him through night visions and told him not to fear going down to Egypt. The Lord said he would make Jacob a great nation there and promised he would be with Jacob and would surely bring him up again. With this great assurance from his God, Jacob was now ready to proceed on down to Egypt.

My, how important this is for us saints of the true and living God to seek his face before we proceed with the plans and decisions of our lives. Jacob was “right on” in this department. His utter dependence on God’s direction and leading is a wonderful reminder to us all. It’s not … look before you leap, brother. It's … pray before you leap! Amen? As you have it in Proverbs 3:5-6,


Trust in the LORD with all your heart, And lean not on your own understanding; In all your ways acknowledge Him, And He shall direct your paths.

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46:8-27

Now these were the names of the children of Israel, Jacob and his sons, who went to Egypt: Reuben was Jacob's firstborn.   The sons of Reuben were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi. The sons of Simeon were Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman. The sons of Levi were Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. The sons of Judah were Er, Onan, Shelah, Perez, and Zerah (but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan). The sons of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.   The sons of Issachar were Tola, Puvah, Job, and Shimron. The sons of Zebulun were Sered, Elon, and Jahleel. These were the sons of Leah, whom she bore to Jacob in Padan Aram, with his daughter Dinah. All the persons, his sons and his daughters, were thirty-three (33). The sons of Gad were Ziphion, Haggi, Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arodi, and Areli. The sons of Asher were Jimnah, Ishuah, Isui, Beriah, and Serah, their sister. And the sons of Beriah were Heber and Malchiel. These were the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter; and these she bore to Jacob: sixteen persons (16). The sons of Rachel, Jacob's wife, were Joseph and Benjamin. And to Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, whom Asenath, the daughter of Poti-Pherah priest of On, bore to him. The sons of Benjamin were Belah, Becher, Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ehi, Rosh, Muppim, Huppim, and Ard. These were the sons of Rachel, who were born to Jacob: fourteen persons (14) in all. The son of Dan was Hushim. The sons of Naphtali were Jahzeel, Guni, Jezer, and Shillem. These were the sons of Bilhah, whom Laban gave to Rachel his daughter, and she bore these to Jacob: seven persons (7) in all. All the persons who went with Jacob to Egypt, who came from his body, besides Jacob's sons' wives, were sixty-six (66) (Joseph and his 2 sons and Simeon were already in Egypt) persons in all. And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two persons. All the persons of the house of Jacob who went to Egypt were seventy (70).

I find the genealogies of the Bible to be fascinating. When we read them, we are reading history. These are not just names on a list ... but real people who's names, God has seen fit to include in his eternal Word. The list we have here are the people who were members of Jacob’s family when he entered Egypt. There are some very interesting things about them. Let me point out a few.

1. Four of Jacob’s great grandchildren are listed here. Two were the sons of Pharez ... the man born to Judah and Tamar, through whom Messiah would come (v. 12). And two were born to Beriah, a son of Asher (v. 17).

2. We find that Benjamin, the youngest, was the most prolific of all of Jacob’s sons. By the time of Israel’s entry into Egypt, Benjamin already had 10 sons of his own.

3. Dan was the least prolific of Jacob’s sons. He only had one son.

4. All totaled, Israel, along with his children, numbered 70 individuals when they came into Egypt. Thirty-three are from Leah’s line; 16 are from Zilpah (Leah’s maid); 14 from Rachel’s line; and 7 are from Bilhah (Rachel’s maid).

What difference does this genealogy make? It makes a lot of difference. It’s God’s Word, beloved. Without it, you and I will never be mature believers! As you have it in Second Timothy 3:16,

All Scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness, that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.

I’m sure that there is much more here than we have noticed at first glance.
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46:28-34

Then he sent Judah before him to Joseph, to point out before him the way to Goshen. And they came to the land of Goshen. So Joseph made ready his chariot and went up to Goshen to meet his father Israel; and he presented himself to him, and fell on his neck and wept on his neck a good while. And Israel said to Joseph, ‘Now let me die, since I have seen your face, because you are still alive.’  Then Joseph said to his brothers and to his father's household, ‘I will go up and tell Pharaoh, and say to him, 'My brothers and those of my father's house, who were in the land of Canaan, have come to me. And the men are shepherds, for their occupation has been to feed livestock; and they have brought their flocks, their herds, and all that they have.' So it shall be, when Pharaoh calls you and says, 'What is your occupation?' that you shall say, 'Your servants' occupation has been with livestock from our youth even till now, both we and also our fathers,' that you may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination to the Egyptians.

We would have had to have been there to fully appreciate Joseph’s first meeting with his father, Jacob. This is one of the great reunions recorded in the Bible. It so affected Jacob that he said … Now let me die, since I have seen your face, because you are still alive. This reminds me of Simeon’s words, when he finally laid eyes on the baby Jesus in the temple. He exclaimed,

Lord, now you are letting your servant depart in peace, according to your word; for my eyes have seen your salvation which you have prepared before the face of all peoples, a light to bring revelation to the Gentiles, and the glory of your people Israel. Luke 2:29-32

When the reunion is so significant that it causes someone to say he is now ready to die, you know it was sweet, brother. There are many today, who would say just that, if they could possibly find and be reunited with a particular loved one.

Now, just one more thought before we close out this chapter. Egyptians, in that day and time, were highly prejudiced against shepherds. In their eyes, people who cared for livestock were below the bottom rung of the social ladder. This insured that Jacob’s clan would be separated and sent off down the Nile valley to the land of Goshen. It was the perfect spot for them to grow and prosper and, as much as possible, to stay away from all those Egyptian idols.


Before we move on ... I would like to insert a list here of Pharaohs and other rulers that reigned during Israel's 430 year sojourn in Egypt. I found it fascinating. Also, I have inserted in red the biblical dates of Joseph’s and Jacob's arrival in Egypt, along with that of the Exodus. This list was taken from Wikipedia, off the Internet. Many of these secular dates are in question, but the biblical dates are solid. Notice that 80 to 100 Pharaohs and rulers reigned during Israel's 400+ year stay in Egypt.
 

Eleventh Dynasty Continued

The second part of the Eleventh Dynasty is considered to be part of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt.

Name

Comments

Dates

Nebhetepre Mentuhotep II[23]

Gained all Egypt 2040, Middle Kingdom begins.

2060–2010

Sankhkare Mentuhotep III[24]

2010–1998

Nebtawyre Mentuhotep IV[25]

1997–1991

Twelfth Dynasty

The Twelfth Dynasty ruled from wikipedia home 1991 to 1802 BC, and is considered by later Egyptians to have been their greatest dynasty.

Name

Comments

Dates

Amenemhat I[26][27]

1991–1962

Senusret I[28] (Sesostris I)

1971–1926

Amenemhat II[29]

1929–1895

 JOSEPH’S  ENTRANCE  INTO  EGYPT

 

Senusret II[30] (Sesostris II)

 

 

 

 

1898

 

1897–1878

 

JACOB’S  ENTRANCE  INTO  EGYPT

 

Senusret III[31] (Sesostris III)

 

 

 

Most powerful of the Middle Kingdom pharaohs.

 

1877 

 

1878–1860

Amenemhat III[32]

1860–1815

Amenemhat IV[33]

Had a co-regency lasting at least 1 year based on an inscription at Konosso.

1815–1807

Sobekneferu[34]

A rare female ruler.

1807–180

Thirteenth Dynasty

The Thirteenth Dynasty (following the Turin King List) ruled from wikipedia home 1803 to around 1649 BC and lasted 153 or 154 Yrs according to Manetho. This table should be contrasted with Known kings of the 13th Dynasty

Name

Comments

Dates

Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep or Wegaf

Founded the 13th Dynasty. His reign is attested by several Nile Records and Papyri.

1803–1799 4 yrs.

Sekhemkare

Amenemhat V Senebef, brother of Sekhemre Khutawy. 3 Yrs.

Amenemhat

1795–1792

Sehetepre

 ? –1790

Iufni

 ?

Seankhibre

 ?

Semenkare

 ?

Sehetepre

 ?

Sewadjkare

 ?

Nedjemibre

7 months

 ?

Sobekhotep I

 ?

Renseneb

4 months

c. 1775

Awybre Hor I?

c. 1775?

Sedjefakare

A well known king attested on numerous stelas and other documents.

c. 5 to 7 yrs.

Sekhemre Khutawy Sobekhotep

Compare Wegaf

c. 1767

Khendjer

Minimum 4 yrs and 3 months

c. 1765

Imyremeshaw

 ?

Antef V

 ?

Sobekhotep III

4 years and 2 months

c. 1755

Neferhotep I

11 years

1751–1740

Sobekhotep IV

10 or 11 years

1740–1730

Sobekhotep V

c. 1730

Wahibre Ibiau

10 years & 8 months

c. 1725–1714

Merneferre Ay

23 years & 8 months

c. 1714–1691

Merhotepre Ini

2 years & 2 months

 ?

Sankhenre Sewadjtu

 ?

Mersekhemre Ini

 ?

Sewadjkare Hori

 ?

The position of the following kings is uncertain:

Name

Comments

Dates

Dudimose I

c. 1654

Dudimose II

 ?

Senebmiu

 ?

Mentuhotep V

 ?

Senaaib

 ?

[edit] Fourteenth Dynasty

The Fourteenth Dynasty was a local group from the eastern Delta, based at Xois (Avaris), that ruled from around wikipedia home 1705 to around 1690 BC.

Name

Comments

Dates

Nehesy

-

c. 1705

Khakherewre ?

-

 ?

Nebefawre

-

c. 1704

Sehebre ?

-

 ?

Merdjefare

-

c. 1699

Sewadjkare ?

-

 ?

Nebdjefare

-

c. 1694

Webenre ?

-

 ?

 ?

-

 ?

—djefare ?

-

 ?

—webenre

-

c. 1690

The position of the following kings is uncertain:

Name

Comments

Dates

Sheshi[35]

 

Yakubher[35]

 ?

The Turin King List provides an additional 25 names, some fragmentary, and no dates. None are attested to elsewhere, and all are of very dubious provenance.

[edit] Fifteenth Dynasty

The Fifteenth Dynasty arose from among the Hyksos people: desert Bedouins who emerged out of the Fertile Crescent to establish a short-lived governance over much of the Nile region, and ruled from wikipedia home 1674 to 1535 BC.

Name

Comments

Dates

Salitis

   

Sakir-Har

-

 ?

Khyan

-

30-40 Years

Apepi

-

40 Years or more

Khamudi

-

 ? -1535

[edit] Sixteenth Dynasty

The Sixteenth Dynasty was a local native kingdom from Thebes who ruled Egypt for between 80 and 100 years, according to Kim Ryholt.

Name

Comments

Dates

-

name of the first king is lost here in the Turin King List, and cannot be recovered

-

Djehuti (Sekhemresementawy)

3 yrs

Sobekhotep VIII (Sekhemreseusertawy)

16 yrs

Neferhotep III (Sekhemresankhtawy)

1 yr

Mentuhotep VI (Sankhenre)

1 yr

Nebiriau I (Sewadjenre)

26 yrs

Nebiriau II

 

Semenre

 

Bebiankh (Seuserenre)

12 yrs

(Sekhemre Shedwast)

 

-

The names of five kings are lost here in the Turin King List, and cannot be recovered. Their identity is uncertain

-

Some sources include as many as six more names –

[edit] Seventeenth Dynasty

The Seventeenth Dynasty was based in Upper Egypt and ruled from wikipedia home 1650 to 1550 BC:

Name

Comments

Dates

Rahotep Sekhemrewahkhau

-

1650- ?

Sobekemsaf I Sekhemreshedtawy

-

3 years

Intef VI Sekhemrewepmaat

-

-

Intef VII Nebkheperre

-

 

Intef VIII Sekhemreheruhirmaat

-

-

Sobekemsaf II Sekhemrewadjkhau

-

-

Tao I the Elder (ie: Senakhtenre)

-

c. 1558

Tao II the Brave (Seqenenre)

-

c. 1558-1554

Kamose

-

1554-154

New Kingdom

The New Kingdom is the period covering the Eighteenth, Nineteenth, and Twentieth dynasty of Egypt, from the 16th century BC to the 11th century BC, between the Second Intermediate Period, and the Third Intermediate Period.

Through military dominance abroad, the New Kingdom saw Egypt's greatest territorial extent. It expanded far into Nubia in the south, and held wide territories in the Near East. Egyptian armies fought with Hittite armies for control of modern-day Syria.

Two of the best known pharaohs of the New Kingdom are Akhenaten, also known as Amenhotep IV, whose exclusive worship of the Aten is often interpreted as the first instance of monotheism, and Ramesses II, who attempted to recover the territories in modern Israel/Palestine, Lebanon and Syria that had been held in the Eighteenth Dynasty. His reconquest led to the Battle of Qadesh, where he led the Egyptian armies against the army of the Hittite king Muwatalli II.

[edit] Eighteenth Dynasty

The Eighteenth Dynasty ruled from wikipedia home 1550 to 1295 BC:

Name

Comments

Dates

Ahmose I, Ahmosis I

Successor to Kamose, above.

1550-1525

Amenhotep I

-

1525-1504

Thutmose I

-

1504-1492

Thutmose II

-

1492-1479

Thutmose III

Often called the "Napoleon of Egypt." Dominated early in his reign by his stepmother Hatshepsut; after she died, he began expanding Egyptian rule into the Levant.

1479-1425

Hatshepsut

The second known female ruler, though quite possibly the seventh (the reigns of five other women are likely, but disputed). Recent evidence suggests she died of bone cancer[36].

1473-1458

 

 

ISRAEL'S EXODUS FROM EGYPT                             

 

Amenhotep II

-(Dating from the solid date of 967 BC, found in I Kings 6:1)

 

 

1447

 

1425-1400

Thutmose IV

-

1400-1390

Amenhotep III The Magnificent King

His name means Lord of the truth is Ra. He ruled Egypt at the peak of her glory, his mortuary temple was the largest ever built, but was destroyed by Rameses II to build his own temple. Thought to be the grandfather of Tutankhamun

1390-1352

Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten

Founder of brief period of a solar-centered religion (Atenism) His original name means "Amun is pleased."

1352-1334

Smenkhkare

Co-regent and successor of Akhenaten. The identity of this individual is uncertain and disputed. Usually believed to be either a son or son-in-law of Akhenaten but sometimes identified as Akhenaten's wife Nefertiti. Other scholars distinguish two individuals between Akhenaten and Tutankhamun, namely Smenkhkare, who is then seen as male, and a female ruler, who is then most often identified as Akhenaten's eldest daughter Meritaten

1334-1333

Tutankhaten/Tutankhamun

Commonly believed to be the son of Akhenaten, probably reinstated the polytheistic religion and the name change reflects the change in primary deity from Aten to Amun.

1333-1324

Ay

-

1324-1320

Horemheb

Former General and advisor to Tutankhamun. Obliterated images of the Amarna queens and kings (all except Amenhotep III and Tiye).

1320-1292

 

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47:1-12

Then Joseph went and told Pharaoh, and said, ‘My father and my brothers, their flocks and their herds and all that they possess, have come from the land of Canaan; and indeed they are in the land of Goshen.’ And he took five men from among his brothers and presented them to Pharaoh. Then Pharaoh said to his brothers, ‘What is your occupation?’ And they said to Pharaoh, ‘Your servants are shepherds, both we and also our fathers.’ And they said to Pharaoh, ‘We have come to dwell in the land, because your servants have no pasture for their flocks, for the famine is severe in the land of Canaan. Now therefore, please let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.’ Then Pharaoh spoke to Joseph, saying, ‘Your father and your brothers have come to you. The land of Egypt is before you. Have your father and brothers dwell in the best of the land; let them dwell in the land of Goshen. And if you know any competent men among them, then make them chief herdsmen over my livestock.’ Then Joseph brought in his father Jacob and set him before Pharaoh; and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. Pharaoh said to Jacob, ‘How old are you?’ And Jacob said to Pharaoh, ‘The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years; few and evil have been the days of the years of my life, and they have not attained to the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.’ So Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh. And Joseph situated his father and his brothers, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land  of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. Then Joseph provided his father, his brothers, and all his father's household with bread, according to the number in their families.

This initial audience with Pharaoh was critical. You will remember that Joseph coached Jacob and his sons ahead of the time for it (46:31-34). Kings and dictators are known to be very capricious at times, and it was doubly so in Egypt in those days. A Pharaoh's word was law. Life and death were in his hands. Proverb 23:1-2, says,

When you sit down to eat with a ruler, consider carefully what is before you; and put a knife to your throat if you are a man given to appetite.

The point is well taken. When in the presence of a king, discretion is the better part of valor. Joseph was highly respected by Pharaoh, yet it was well known that the Egyptians looked down on lowly shepherds. I strongly suspect that when these five sons of Jacob went in before this Egyptian Potentate, they were knocking at the knees. However, they did well. They answered as they were instructed.

Then, Joseph brought Jacob himself in and introduced him to Pharaoh. And, unexpectedly, Jacob blessed Pharaoh! Without question, the greater was blessing the lesser. You never know what an aged dad might do or say, by the way, aye kids? I’m sure that Jacob's blessing was sincere. It came out of his heartfelt gratefulness for Pharaoh’s kindness to him and to his boy, Joseph. It is a good thing to make it a habit to bless people, by the way. As you have it in Romans 12:14b,

...bless and do not curse.

Have you blessed anyone lately? No? Well, get busy, go look for someone.

Now, by this time, Jacob was well up in years and he had been carried down to Egypt in one of the carts that Pharaoh had provided. Pharaoh inquired about Jacob’s age and Jacob said … The days of the years of my pilgrimage are one hundred and thirty years. Chapter 47, verse 28, informs us that Jacob lived 17 years in Egypt before he died at the ripe old age of 147.

A couple more observations here before we leave this section.
   
    First, note that it says that Jacob’s people settled in the lush land of Rameses. Four hundred years later, when their descendants, the children of Israel, had become slaves to the Egyptians, we read in Exodus 1:11,

Therefore they set taskmasters over them to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh supply cities, Pithom and Raamses.

    Second, note that, after settling into their new home, Joseph provided bread for his father and his brothers. I suspect they were very appreciative. It kept them from starvation, during the remaining 5 years of famine that were to come. You and I know very little of hunger in our country, but it is a common thing in much of the rest of the world. A couple of verses in First Timothy 5:8 and 6:6-8, come to mind.

But if anyone does not provide for his own, and especially for those of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.

Now godliness with contentment is great gain. For we brought nothing into this world, and it is certain we can carry nothing out. And having food and clothing, with these we shall be content.

Joseph saw to it that his family was provided for. They were simple shepherds. I‘m sure they were quite content and God was with them  ... just as he had promised that he would be (46:3-4).

 

Scripture taken from the New King James Version. Copyright 1982 by Thomas Nelson, Inc. Used by permission. All rights reserved.


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